The National Anti-Corruption Bureau of Ukraine is a central executive agency with a special status responsible for preventing, detecting, terminating, investigating, and disclosing corruption and other criminal offenses within its jurisdiction.
The establishment of the National Anti-Corruption Bureau was one of the requirements set by the IMF and the the European Commission for relaxation of visa restrictions between Ukraine and the European Union.
On 14 October 2014 Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted the Law “On the National Anti-Corruption Bureau of Ukraine”.
In January 2015 for the first time in history of modern Ukraine an open competition for position of director of a state agency was announced. 186 candidates applied for the position of Director of the National Anti-corruption Bureau of Ukraine. The winner of the competition was Artem Sytnyk.
On 16 April 2015 the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko signed two decrees: № 217/2015 – decree on founding the National Anti-corruption Bureau of Ukraine and №218/2015 — decree on appointing Artem Sytnyk the Bureau's Director. This provided a starting point for a new state agency. The first order signed by the NABU Director on 23 April 2015 approved the Bureau's structure and stuffing. On 24 April Gizo Uglava was appointed First Deputy Director. Later two more Deputy Directors were appointed: Anatoly Novak and Tetyana Varvarska.
On 7 May the Bureau was given premises Kyiv.
On Sept. 16, 2020, the Constitutional Court of Ukraine recognized certain provisions of the Law of Ukraine “On the National Anti-Corruption Bureau of Ukraine” as inconsistent with the Basic Law.
On Nov. 10, 2021, amendments to the Law of Ukraine "On the National Anti-Corruption Bureau of Ukraine" came into force to eliminate existing legal discrepancies. From now on, NABU is a central executive agency with a special status, which has retained its key operational principles: institutional independence and competence in investigating corruption and other criminal offenses.
Transparency and public control of the NABU's work are ensured with the help of the Civil Oversight Council established by the presidential decree №272/2015 of 15 May 2015. The Civil Oversight Council includes competent social activists selected yearly through online voting.
On 5 June 2015 fifteen members of the first Civil Oversight Council were selected through open online voting.
On 8 June the Council held its first meeting at which the decision was made to send Council members to the Competition committee conducting the competition for the Bureau's vacancies. This made it possible to begin the open competition. On 9 June the NABU's Director approved the members of the first Competition committee.
All the employees of the National Anti-corruption Bureau of Ukraine, except for Deputy Directors, are appointed for positions based on the open competition results. At present there are three competition committees operating, each of them includes three Civil Oversight Council representatives. In the end of June first competition winners were appointed for positions.
On 25 August 2015 the first 70 detectives were selected for positions in the NABU. On 15 September they took the civil servant oath of office in the presence of the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko.
Start of work
On 30 November 2015 the competition for the position of the Head of the Specialized Anti-Corruption Prosecutor's Office, on which the start of the NABU work depended, was over. Nazar Kholodnitskiy took the position.
On 4 December the NABU detectives entered the first three criminal proceedings concerning the theft of state owned companies’ funds to the value of 1 billion UAH into the Unified Register of Pre-Trial Investigations.