In 2020, the amount of damages reimbursed within the NABU and SAPO criminal proceedings exceeded UAH 1.14 billion. The total economic effect brought by the activities of anti-corruption agencies exceeded UAH 1.9 billion by the end of the year. In addition to direct refunding, it covers preventing the commission of corruption crimes, collecting bail from suspects who violated their duties, and other transfers to the budget.
There is a number of cases when participants in crimes at state-owned enterprises compensate for the damages voluntarily at a pre-trial investigation. In the second half of 2020, such reimbursements reached beyond UAH 370 million. As an example, in the second half of 2020, the Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority Berdiansk branch was repaid UAH 750,000 – a part of funds that the state enterprise illegally paid for undelivered equipment.
In the second half of 2020, almost UAH 51 million was transferred to the budget, of which UAH 50 million was reimbursed by a former Ukrainian Member of Parliament deemed to be the mastermind behind the misappropriation of the National Guard property to the amount exceeding UAH 81.64 million. Almost UAH 1 million was reimbursed by a former acting General Director of the State Enterprise "Forestry Innovation and Analytical Center" after the funds were siphoned off through illegal bonuses rewarded to certain employees of the enterprise.
NABU and SAPO pay special attention to the prevention of embezzlement of state property. From an economic point of view, this is efficient, because the search and return of assets require resources and a lot of time. In July 2020, NABU and SAPO, in cooperation with the new management of United Mining and Chemical Company JSC (100% owned by the state), prevented the illegal export of 1,845 tons of rutile concentrate worth UAH 52 million. NABU and SAPO initiated the seizure of the raw materials within a pre-trial investigation into possible abuses at the state-owned enterprise. In total, in 2020, NABU and SAPO prevented the embezzlement of funds at state-owned enterprises to the amount exceeding UAH 800 million.
Sometimes it is the investigative actions of Detectives and Prosecutors that prevent the commission of a crime. They even happen to prompt those involved in corruption to return illegal funds. This was the case with the investigation into the facts of misuse of Ukrnafta's products. In total, UAH 895 million was returned to Ukrnafta in 2020, of which UAH 290 million – in the second half of the year.