In 2020, the anti-corruption system faced a defiant influence not seen in previous years. Despite the growing pressure, even the existence of such an institution as the National Bureau should be considered as a victory. It was emphasized by the Director of the National Anti-Corruption Bureau of Ukraine (NABU) Artem Sytnyk at the Transparency International presentation of the Corruption Perceptions Index 2020 (CPI).
For the first time in the history of Ukraine, the Constitutional Court of Ukraine considered the issue of the constitutionality of an act of individual action, despite the opposite previous long-term judicial practice. However, the fact that the Presidential Decree on Appointment on the NABU Director is declared unconstitutional does not terminate the powers of the NABU Director or any other person who is appointed by the President, and does not automatically mean his dismissal. Until the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopts the amendments to the legislation, Artem Sytnyk has the right to exercise his powers as the NABU Director. Therefore, currently NABU is operates normally.
A quick decision made after the publication of the so-called "Kyiv District Administrative Court recordings", including in relation to decision-making by the Constitutional Court of Ukraine is another step towards the destruction of the institutional independence of the National Bureau.
A full start of the work of the High Anti-Corruption Court will be able to provide fair judgments in cases as of corruption crimes, pre-trial investigation of which conducted by the Detectives of the National Anti-Corruption Bureau of Ukraine (NABU). The Commissioner for European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations Johannes Hahn stressed it at the press briefing with the participation of the NABU Director Artem Sytnyk on November 9, 2018, in Kyiv.
The Solomyansky District Court of Kyiv satisfied the motion filed by the Detectives of the National Anti-Corruption Bureau of Ukraine (NABU) and seized the integral property complexes of the combined heat and power plants (CHP) of Novyj Rozdil and of Novoyavorivsk. It should be reminded that the NABU Detectives conduct the investigation as of the facts of 300 million cubic meters’ embezzlement of natural gas of National Joint-Stock Company (NJSC) Naftogaz of Ukraine. According to the court decision, this integral property complexes were transferred to the National Agency of Ukraine for finding, tracing and management of assets (ARMA). This was stated by the NABU Director Artem Sytnyk and the ARMA Head Anton Yanchuk at the briefing which took place on August 2, 2018.
The success of the fight against corruption in Ukraine can be doubled if the Specialized Anti-Corruption Court is established. The later will endure sentences and fair punishment for the top-corrupt officials. This was emphasized by the Director of the National Anti-Corruption Bureau of Ukraine Artem Sytnyk at the presentation of the Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) for 2017, held on February 21, 2018, in Kyiv.
From the very start of investigations, the Detectives of the National Anti-Corruption Bureau of Ukraine (NABU) and the prosecutors of the Specialized Anti-Corruption Prosecutor's Office (SAPO) have exposed more than 300 persons allegedly involved in the corruption crimes. Also 107 cases have already been sent to court. This was stated by the NABU Director Artem Sytnyk at the briefing «Presentation of the Report on the NABU results during the second half of 2017» on February 8, 2018.
During the first years of investigations Ukrainian newly created anti-corruption agencies have shown valuable results, however further effective work of the National Anti-Corruption Bureau (NABU) and the Specialized Anti-Corruption Prosecutor's Office (SAPO) is impossible without establishment of the Specialized Anti-Corruption Court. This issue was brought up and later on discussed by the NABU Director Artem Sytnyk and by the Head of the SAPO Nazar Kholodnitskiy at the meeting with the Deputy Assistant Secretary in the State Department’s Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs Bridget A. Brink, which took place on December 8.
All criminal proceedings investigated by the Detectives of the National Anti-Corruption Bureau of Ukraine (NABU) have one thing in common: they relate to top-level officials that were previously immune. As the result of this all of the Bureau’s cases are surrounded with speculations. This was stressed by the NABU Director Artem Sytnyk at the hearings of the Verkhovna Rada Committee on Corruption Prevention and Counteraction, held on November 3, 2017. "Recently, the attention of the public has been focused on the investigation of the so-called "backpacks’ case". The actions of the NABU were criticized due to alleged illegality of the evidence. Therefore, I want to say that the video, which became public and was passed to the NABU for examination, is valid and admissible evidence in this case. But it is not the only evidence," emphasized Artem Sytnyk.